Why the World Needs One Time

Last night, at 12 a.m., Daylight Saving Time (DST) began when our clocks moved forward an hour. Whereas I would have seen the sunrise at 6:11 in New Jersey, instead, it’s at 7:11. Correspondingly, sunset switched from 6:02 on March…

What's the Economic Difference Between a Street and a Road?

Our story starts outside of Cleveland during the beginning of the 20th century. With the 4,000 acres that Oris P. and Mantis J. Van Sweringen purchased from the Society of Shakers, the 2 brothers decided to create a planned suburban community.…

Urban Pollution

When we worry about the impact of autos on the environment, perhaps we should remember the horse. In 1880, the horse population in Manhattan and Brooklyn was somewhere between 150,000-175,000 and growing. A basic part of city life, horsecar rides…

Job Creators or Robber Barons?

I have confessed before that I admire the entrepreneurs who have been called the robber barons. Carnegie and steel, Rockefeller and oil, J.J. Hill and railroads, Morgan and money. These men and others from their 19th century world competed lethally.…

On Time Again

Have you ever thought about the difference that a clock makes? Described in The Geography of Time, a pre-clock world meant you could not say, “I will meet you at 12:30 for lunch” or “Your workday is 9-5.” By the…