To assess the workplace gender gap among countries and companies, we need only look at the names James and Michael.
Confirming the gender gap at the top, the NY Times Glass Ceiling Index compares the number of Fortune 500 female CEOs and Fortune 500 male CEOs named John.
Using 85 observable characteristics, there was little that researchers could use from a Swedish study to prove why the glass ceiling blocks female CEOs.
New research on the gender pay gap and the gender leadership gap indicate we should be especially aware of hiring, downshifting, and attrition.
With Indra Nooyi leaving PepsiCo, we have even fewer female CEOs of major corporations who can change expectations about male leadership.
Asking why the number of female CEOs remains low, we can look at the gender balance in workforce pipelines to the top of different industries.
Wage data from 1981 to 2012 show that women who are top earners have made progress in cracking the glass ceiling but their numbers remain relatively low.